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Broken Hill

New South Wales


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Broken Hill

Situated along the NSW-SA border, Broken Hill is an ore-mining city in the outback of New South Wales, approximately 1,145 kilometres west-north-west of Sydney, the state capital. Rising 315 meters above sea level, the region sits on perhaps the world's most significant lead-zinc ore deposit. Though originally known as Willyama, the area was named in 1844 after a hill range that Charles Napier Sturt, an English explorer of Australia, named "Broken Hill" because the hills appeared to have breaks in them.

In 1841, Broken Hill saw its first European visitor in Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell, a Scottish surveyor and explorer of south-eastern Australia-this was three years prior to Sturt's exploration of the region. In 1883, Charles Rasp discovered the huge mineral deposit in the area, which eventually led to the founding of the mining site. Since then, ore-mining has become the city's primary industry.

Situated within Yancowinna County, Broken Hill serves as Council Seat for the Local Government Area of the City of Broken Hill. The city is represented in the Legislative Assembly of New South Wales by the Electoral District of Murray-Darling, as well as by the Federal Division of Farrer in the Australian House of Representatives. The area has an estimated population of 18,854 residents.

Fondly known as Capital of the Outback, Oasis of the West, or The Silver City among residents, Broken Hill's nicknames hint at the city's rich cultural, historical, and natural heritage. Some of the most notable local attractions in and around the area include the Art on Argent Gallery, Broken Hill Regional Art Gallery, Bush 'n' Beyond Gallery, Living Desert Flora and Fauna Sanctuary, Pro Hart Gallery and Sculpture Park, Sculpture Symposium, Silver City Mint and Art Centre, Silverton Camel Farm, Stephen's Creek, and The Living Desert Reserve.

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